What is it?
There are several different types of Colitis, which is otherwise classified as inflammation of the colon. Various types of colitis include
- Microscopic colitis
- Ischemic colitis
- Ulcerative colitis
- Clostridium difficile colitis (bacterial infection of the colon)
- Crohn’s disease
- Infectious enterocolitis
- CMV colitis (viral infection of the colon)
What are the symptoms?
Each type of colitis can include abdominal pain, abdominal bloating, change in bowel habits, diarrhea, and bloody stools.
How is it diagnosed?
Colitis can be noted on a CAT scan of the abdomen, as well as visual examination via a Colonoscopy. Speak with your medical provider today for further questions regarding imaging.
How is it treated?
Treatment depends on the underlying cause of the disease which can include infection, lack of blood flow, or inflammation. There are various medications that can treat the affected areas of the colon. Surgery may be an option when medical treatment does not treat the underlying issue.
Are there any complications?
Some complications include but are not limited to severe rectal bleeding, perforation of the colon, severe dehydration, a rapidly swelling colon (toxic megacolon), etc. Speak to your medical provider for further information on the type of colitis you may have and options for treatment.